Kamis, 08 Agustus 2013

BUKTI-BUKTI ARKEOLOGIS ALKITAB-7


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Keruntuhan Sodom dan Gomora telah diketemukan disebelah tengara Laut Mati. Nama modern adalah Bab edh-Dhra, diperkirakan sebagai Sodom, dan Numeira, diperkirakan sebagai Gomora. Kedua tempat tersebut dihancurkan pada saat yang bersamaan oleh kebakaran yang luar biasa dahsyat. Debu-debu reruntuhan tebalnya sekitar tiga kaki. Apa yang menyebabkan kehancuran yang mengerikan ini? Penemuan yang mengejutkan di kuburan di Bab edh-Dhra menyingkapkan penyebab tersebut. Para ahli arkeologi menemukan bahwa bangunan yang digunakan untuk mengubur terbakar mulai dari atap.
Apa yang menyebabkan setiap struktur di kuburan hancur dengan cara seperti ini? Jawaban misteri ini terdapat dalam Kitab Suci. “Kemudian Tuhan menurunkan hujan belerang dan api atas Sodom dan Gomora, berasal dari Tuhan, dari langit” (Kejadian 19:24) Satu-satunya penjelasan yang mungkin unik dalam publikasi arkeologi adalah bahwa debu-debu yang terbakar turun ke bangunan-bangunan dari udara. Tetapi bagaimana hal tersebut dapat terjadi?
Ada cukup bukti mengenai lapisan di bawah tanah berupa bahan berbasis minyak yang disebut bitumen, serupa aspal, di daerah selatan Laut Mati. Misteri seperti itu biasanya mengandung belerang dalam persentase tinggi. Telah dipostulasikan oleh ahli geologi Frederick Clapp bahwa tekanan dari sebuah gempa bumi dapat menyebabkan endapan bitumen dipaksa keluar melalui garis patahan. Ketika tersembur keluar dari bumi, endapan tersebut dapat terpicu oleh bunga api atau kebakaran. Semburan itu kemudian akan jatuh ke bumi sebagai materi terbakar.
Sodom dan Gomora diketemukan setelah Clapp memformulasikan tiori ini. Ternyata situs terletak di atas garis patahan sepanjang sisi timur dataran di sebelah selatan Laut Mati, sehingga tiori Clapp sepenuhnya masuk akal. Terdapat bukti mengenai skenario ini dalam Kitab Suci. Abraham menyaksikan kehancuran ini dari tempat yang menguntungkan disebelah barat Laut Mati. Kitab Suci mencatat apa yang disaksikan Abraham: “Dia memandang ke arah Sodom dan Gomora serta ke seluruh lembah Yordan, maka dilihatnya asap dari bumi membubung ke atas sebagai asap dari dapur peleburan” (Kejadian 19:28). Asap yang dilihat mungkin adalah asap dari kebakaran basis-minyak. Asap yang membubung ke atas seperti asap dari dapur peleburan menyatakan adanya aliran udara yang dipaksakan, seperti yang dapat diperkirakan dari endapan bawah tanah yang dipaksa keluar dari bumi oleh tekanan.
Kehancuran Sodom dan Gomara menjadi salah satu contoh dalam Kitab Suci mengenai bagaimana Tuhan menghakimi dosa. “Lihat, inilah kesalahan Sodom, kakakmu yang termuda itu: kecongkakan, makanan yang melimpah-limpah dan kesenangan hidup ada padanya dan pada anak-anaknya perempuan, tetapi ia tidak menolong orang-orang sengsara dan miskin. Mereka jadi tinggi hati dan melakukan kekejian di hadapan-Ku, maka Aku menjauhkan mereka sesudah Aku melihat itu” (Yehezkiel 16:49-50)

Sodom and Gomorrah
The Cities of the Plain
Ash and brimstone remain
The five cities of the plain have been located and the evidence is staggering.  For the first time in modern history we have found round balls of brimstone, or nearly pure sulfur, embedded in an ashen area near the Dead Sea, which show clear signs of having once been ancient building structures! 

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The five cities of the plain have been located and the evidence is staggering.  For the first time in modern history we have found round balls of brimstone, or nearly pure sulfur, embedded in an ashen area near the Dead Sea, which show clear signs of having once been ancient building structures! 
Above:  Lighter colored formations can be seen near the Dead Sea.
Above:  ziggurat stands amidst ashen ruins in Gomorrah, with darker terrain in rear.
Government sign with gate, attempting to keep vehicles out.
Josephus Saw the Cities -- Why Can't We?
The cities were located in the plain, so they should not be located in the low area now covered by the Dead Sea.  These cities were well known in the first century, as Josephus said, "The traces or shadows of the five cities are still to be seen."  If Josephus could see them, then we should be able to see them also.  The water level of the Dead Sea has fallen since the time of Josephus, so the areas Josephus saw in his day are still visible today.
Biblical Warning For All
The cities of the plain were destroyed as a warning for all that this same event will happen again one day to the wicked.  One would think God is capable of preserving this ancient lesson for us to see and to learn from.
"Then the Lord rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the Lord out of the heavens"  Genesis 19:24.  "Turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, making them an example to those who afterward would live ungodly"  II Peter 2:6.  (The word for "example" means an exhibit for warning.)
Analysis of the Brimstone
These sulfur balls are mostly golf ball sized, and some have burn marks all around them!  Webster's Dictionary says that "brimstone" = sulfur.  Accordingly, we have found the absolute proof that we have finally located Sodom and Gomorrah, the cities of the plain!
Above at left is brimstone with a burned, hardened shell that has the unburned sulfur inside, and next to it is brimstone without a burned shell.  The photo at right is a shell or capsule with unburned sulfur inside.  Tiny crystals are on its surface which were formed when the sulfur was burning and was in a liquid state, then it burned out.

Above:  Located on the side of a ziggurat, this brimstone in a shell is opened to reveal the unburned sulfur inside
Each of the cities of the plain contain evidence of brimstone which God rained down upon the cities to destroy them.  The brimstone is composed of 96-98 percent sulfur, with trace amounts of magnesium which create an extremely high temperature burn.  This is the only place on earth where you can find 96 percent pure monoclinic sulfur in a round ball.  This brimstone is NOT from any type of geo-thermal activity as there is no evidence of such in the area, and geo-thermal sulfur nodules are only 40 percent pure sulfur and are of the rhombic type.
Above:  holding a chunk of ash that has a burned ring which surrounds an unburned ball of sulfur
Above:  removing the lid from a brimstone shell reveals a round ball of sulfur inside
Above:  Jason cut this brimstone out of the material
Above:  Brimstone with burn ring
Analysis of the Ash
God rained down upon these cities was so hot that it burned the limestone blocks that were used in the construction of the cities.  The ash there today is composed of Calcium Sulfate and Calcium Carbonate which are by-products of the limestone and sulfur burning. 
Everything in these cities burned and turned into ash, including the buildings themselves as the Bible says that the cities were to be destroyed also.  The Bible told us that God rained down "fire and brimstone"  When God rains down fire, it is a consuming fire, just like the time of Elijah when God sent down fire to destroy the stone altar, the limestone buildings here were totally destroyed and turned into ash. 

 Above:  The extremely high burning temperatures created a multi-shaded layering of ash that was formed by thermal ionization, caused by electrons repelling and attracting, creating a swirling effect in the remains. 
Above:  layers of multi-shaded ash, crumble in your hand.  Dead Sea and sphinx in rear
Cities Visible in Satellite Photos
The cities are almost entirely turned into white ash, and can be seen in the satellite photographs below.

Notice each of the cities stand out from the surrounding terrain because of the white ash contained within them.  The city of Zoar was a "little one" or a newly built city that was square.  As cities grew or expanded they quickly lost this square shape.
Genesis 10:19 indicates the five cities formed the Canaanite border, thus the could not have been grouped together at the south end of the Dead Sea as popularly believed.  They form a north-south line along the Jordan/Dead Sea area.  Gomorrah is located at the base of Masada, and in 1998, additional formations were found in Jordan on the opposite of the Dead Sea from Gomorrah in the Lisan Peninsula, including a large cemetery area containing 1,000,000 graves.  The same structures as found on the Israeli side were also found on the Jordanian side -  ash, brimstone and even ceramic tile.
Above -  looking southwest at the southern end of the Dead Sea
Above - The northern end of the Dead Sea, looking southwest
Man-made Formations
Man-made formations are found in the cities, including ziggurats, sphinxes, windows, arched doorways and walls resembling double Canaanite city walls. 
Above:  On the left is a ziggurat and on the right a tower
  
Above:  ziggurat shape on raised platform composed of white material
Above:  Ninety degree angles extending out from a wall demonstrating unnatural architecture
Above:  Arched doorway still stands today

Sphinx Shapes
Unique shapes are visible in the cities that are not found in nature, including sphinx shapes like the ones below. 
Above: This sphinx formation on a raised platform is about 40 feet long and was made of a different whiter material than the surrounding platform. It may have been a worship figure or god and was made of a special material.   Masada in rear.
Above:  Another sphinx shape sits at the edge of the city.  They thought it would protect them, but it too
was consumed in the destruction of fire and brimstone.
Sulphur Crystals
The extreme heat caused unusual specimens that can be found in the cities, including the creation of sulfur crystals.  Below are photos of a large slab of crystals found by our Ark Discovery Team.
Above:  The top layer is a solid slab of sulfur crystals created by a complete layer of
brimstone underneath that was burning, then turned to a liquid, then cooled down
leaving this layer of crystals.  Approximately six feet long.
Above:  Here we can see the brimstone underneath the crystals that are on top.
Above:  another shot of the brimstone underneath and the crystals on top

Above:  In another area, we found sulfur crystals which are a remnant of the consumed brimstone.
Above:  two feet in diameter clump of crystals.  Another group was found later when I
broke open a large clump "live" on video. 
Above:  more crystals resulting from the sulphur burning, turning to liquid, and cooling into crystals
Anomalies
More evidence of the extreme heat was found. 
Above:  this specimen shows signs of having been melted, with the upper portion
bubbling and the lower section pooled into a solid.
Above:   Specimen that some people think resembles bone, with the marrow in the middle. This looks similar to the specimens found by Dr. Lennart Moller, author of The Exodus Case

A spear head and a cache of burned gold which is now gold salts, burned bones, jars, and tile have also been found by others who have visited the cities.

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