Rabu, 18 September 2013

BUKTI-BUKTI ARKEOLOGIS ALKITAB-48

Three shekel ostracon

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The Three shekel ostracon is a pottery fragment bearing a forged text supposedly dating from between the 7th and 9th century BCE.[1][2] It is 8.6 centimeters high and 10.9 centimeters wide and contains five lines of ancient Hebrew writing.[3]  The inscription mentions a king named Ashyahu donating three shekels to  the House of Yahweh. No king named Ashyahu is mentioned in the Bible,  but some scholars believe it may refer to Jehoash, who ruled Judea 802–787 BCE.[4]
The ostracon was purchased by Shlomo Moussaieff from the Jerusalem antiquities dealer Oded Golan.  Doubts about the authenticity of this and other artefacts sold by Golan  began to be expressed in the late 1990s, and in 2003 Professor Christ  Rollston, a leading authority on Northwest Semitic inscriptions, said he  is "confident beyond a reasonable doubt" that the "three shekel  ostracon" is a forgery.[5] The same negative conclusion was reached on the basis of scientific examination of the patina.[6]

Translation

According to your order,
Ashya- hu the king, to give by the hand of
[Z]ekaryahu silver of Tar- shish
for the house of Yahweh
3 shekels[7]



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